ADRET, MOSES IBN (d. 1772), rabbinic scholar of Smyrna. Ḥ.J.D. Azulai described Adret as an eminent and saintly scholar with extensive knowledge in rabbinic literature, endowed with a keen intellect and a phenomenal memory. Adret often took an independent and critical stand against older authorities. Twelve of his works, listed by Azulai, include novellae on the major part of the Talmud, notes on the Mishnah, maimonides ' code, asher b. jehiel 's compendium, and jacob b. asher 's Arbaʾah Turim, as well as responsa, and Bible commentaries. Only Berakh Moshe, novellae on various Talmud tractates, has been published (Salonika, 1802). His Torat Moshe (commentary on the Mishnah) was supposed to have appeared in Leghorn, but has not survived. Responsa by Adret were incorporated in E. Malki's collection Ein Mishpat (Constantinople, 1770, YD, nos. 7, 8, 9, 10). In responsum no. 10 Adret boasted of his complete mastery of the whole range of talmudic sources and the various halakhic works he had composed to justify his stand in his protracted dispute with Malki, who speaks sarcastically of Adret's vaunted piety and modesty (ibid., no. 11). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Azulai, 1 (1852), 130, no. 95, S.V. Moshe Adret.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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